What were the largest cities in the South (to become part of the Confederacy) by population at the outbreak of the Civil War?

  1. New Orleans, LA – Population – 168,675
  2. Charleston, SC – Population – 40,522
  3. Richmond, VA – Population -37,910
  4. Mobile, AL – Population – 29,258
  5. Memphis, TN – Population – 22,623
  6. Savannah, GA – Population – 22,292
  7. Petersburg, VA – Population – 18,266
  8. Nashville, TN – Population – 16,988
  9. Norfolk, VA – Population – 14,620
  10. Wheeling, VA* – Population – 14,083
    West Virginia did not exist in 1860
  11. Alexandria, VA – Population – 12,652
  12. Augusta, GA – Population – 12,493
  13. Columbus, GA – Population – 9,621
  14. Atlanta, GA – Population – Top 10 385,237

Source: 1860 U.S. Census

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