March 3 – Union Congress creates the Freedmen’s Bureau.
The involvement of the Freedmen’s Bureau in the establishment of African-American family structure is rarely discussed as one of the Bureau’s major activities. Although the Bureau is though of having been ineffective overall, many historians credit the Bureau for having succeeded in the provid ing freedmen with education and the power of negotiating fair labor contracts. These two services are often cited because the right to education and the right to cho ose one’s employment are commonly thought of as the two most important rights that were denied to slaves. However, the cruelest aspect of slavery may have been the denial of a slave’s right to a secure family structure.
The Civil War Gazette Civil War Timeline is a linear, chronological look at the important events related to the American Civil War, fought between April 1861 and April 1865. The timeline includes major battles and skirmishes, significant political events impacting the war, deaths of major military figures, as well as details of important battles including casualty numbers.