During the 1831 uprising in Southampton, Virginia, led by Nat Turner, who was himself a slave, slave rebels systematically went from house to house killing about sixty whites before they were disbanded. In the suppression of the revolt about one hundred African Americans died and authorities hanged sixteen more.
In these confessions, Turner’s lengthy autobiographical statement, he says that God led him to bring judgment against whites because of the institution of slavery. He had a vision in which “white spirits and black spirits engaged in battle, and the sun was darkened–the thunder rolled in the heavens, and blood flowed in streams. . . .”