At 4:30 a.m. Friday morning the bombardment of Fort Sumter started when the first artillery shell was fired from neighboring Fort Johnson in the Charleston Harbor. When the shelling subsided hours later there would be no casualties inflicted upon either side but the start of hostilities between the South and North would begin in earnest.

No one expected that the ensuing conflict would wage for four more years at a total cost of more than 600,000 lives. Two percent (2%) of the U.S. population would die between 1861 and 1865.

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sumter_4.27.61_HW by kwmcnutt.