What happened in late August, 1862 during the Civil War?

August 24 – Confederate raider C.S.S. Alabama, captained by Raphael Semmes, is commissioned for service.

August 25 – Lincoln agrees to allow blacks to serve in the Union army, authorizing South Carolina military governor, General Rufus Saxton, to form five black regiments from the Sea Islands area. The regiments will be led by white officers.

August 28-30 — Confederates win the battle of Second Manassas (Bull Run II) led by Robert E. Lee. After the battle, Secretary of War Edwin Stanton calls for assistance from volunteer nurses. Males and females respond Clara Barton performs sterlingly.


  1. Quartermaster clerk William H. Hill of the 13th Mississippi Infantry Regiment wrote in his diary on Aug. 31: “We marched 16 miles and camped near the Warrenton (VA) Springs. The enemy have burned the fine hotel and done other damage to this beautiful watering place. The country from Orange C.H. thus far looks like a desert. The enemy have destroyed everything they could. Many citizens are left houseless and penniless.”

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