How essential were the roles of women on the home front?

The Winter 2017 issue of Military Images has an excellent article on “Women on the Home Front: Their essential roles during the Civil War,” by Juanita Leisch Jensen. The article is liberally sprinkled with high resolution version of some 29 separate images of women, their husbands, children, or family.  Each image has a nice annotation explaining what the image emotes according to Jensen.

To learn more about this fantastic magazine: Ron Coddington | Publisher of Military Images Magazine

Screen Shot 2017-05-11 at 11.01.26 PM.png

Screen Shot 2017-05-11 at 11.01.38 PM.png

Screen Shot 2017-05-11 at 11.01.50 PM.png

 

16th Ohio soldier fought at Vicksburg, survived the war

Guest blogpost: Ron Coddington | Publisher of Military Images Magazine

WITH THE 16TH OHIO AT VICKSBURG.—John Caskey Hall (1842-1907), pictured here, served in the 16th Ohio Infantry from 1861 to 1864, during which time he worked his way from a private to sergeant in Company C. He fought in the June 3, 1861, Battle of Philippi, W.Va., considered by some as the first land battle of the Civil War.

Hall went on to participate in the Vicksburg Campaign. He suffered a concussion in the May 19, 1863, assault on the formidable defenses of Vicksburg — the first of two failed attacks by the Union army that prompted Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant to ay siege to the fortress city.

Hall also served in the 102nd Ohio Infantry.

After the war he returned to his home in Wooster, Ohio, where he operated a coal business. He wed in 1874 and started a family that grew to include a daughter and two sons. His wife died in 1897, and he remarried.

Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/8026096@N04/19224871880/

————————
SUPPORT THE MISSION OF MILITARY IMAGES. Ready to go beyond the complimentary posts you enjoy here? Consider a subscription to Military Images, America’s only magazine solely dedicated to portrait photography, personal stories and material culture of the Civil War. Take advantage of MI’s special introductory offer for new subscribers only—$19.95 for an annual subscription of four quarterly issues, $5 off the regular price: http://militaryimagesmagazine.com/special-offer/
Act now and get a recent back issue as a thank you gift!
————————
Intrigued, but not ready to commit? Sign up for a free trial: http://militaryimagesmagazine.com/subscribe

Image may contain: 1 person, standing

SERGEANTS OF COMPANY G | 16th NEW YORK INFANTRY

Guest blogpost: Ron Coddington | Publisher of Military Images Magazine

SERGEANTS OF COMPANY G.—The Civil War was two months old on June 24, 1861, when these New Yorkers left their camp in Bethlehem, N.Y., and posed for their portrait brandishing weapons and an air of confidence. 3rd Sgt. Luther Lee Partridge, 4th Sgt. Andrew Christie Bayne, 1st Sgt. John Henry Austin, and 2nd Sgt. Edwin O. Betts all served in Company G of the Sixteenth New York Infantry, and they had mustered into the Union army a month earlier at Albany. All four men resided in De Peyster, a hamlet located in the far north of the Empire State. Although each man held the rank of sergeant, none had yet received the chevrons that denote their rank.

Four days after they had this picture taken, the ranking sergeants of Company G and the rest of their regiment left for Washington, D.C.

The Sixteenth spent the rest of its two-year term of enlistment in the South. It fought briefly at the First Battle of Bull Run, and suffered heavy losses during the Peninsular Campaign and at Crampton’s Gap during the Antietam Campaign. The regiment was held in reserve during the Battles of Antietam and Fredericksburg, and returned to action to fight in the Chancellorsville Campaign.

The regiment mustered out of the army on May 22, 1863, and the losses were tallied: 112 were killed or mortally wounded, and 84 died from disease and other causes.

All four of these men survived.

Luther Lee Partridge (1838-1881) was wounded on May 3, 1863, in the fighting at Salem Church, Va., during the Chancellorsville Campaign.

Scottish-born Andrew Christie Bayne (1841-1893) enlisted the Veteran Reserve Corps after he left the Sixteenth and advanced to the rank of captain by the end of the war. He then joined the regular army and remained in uniform until 1871.

John Henry Austin (1835-1913) became second lieutenant of Company G a few months after sitting for this portrait, and mustered out with most of his comrades on May 22, 1863.

Edwin O. Betts was reduced to the ranks on September 29, 1862, and remained in Company G until the end of its enlistment.

————————
SUPPORT THE MISSION OF MILITARY IMAGES. Ready to go beyond the complimentary posts you enjoy here? Consider a subscription to Military Images, America’s only magazine solely dedicated to portrait photography, personal stories and material culture of the Civil War. Take advantage of MI’s special introductory offer for new subscribers only—$19.95 for an annual subscription of four quarterly issues, $5 off the regular price: http://militaryimagesmagazine.com/special-offer/
Act now and get a recent back issue as a thank you gift!
————————
Intrigued, but not ready to commit? Sign up for a free trial: http://militaryimagesmagazine.com/subscribe

Image may contain: 4 people

30th Ohio Infantry Color Guard

Guest blogpost: Ron Coddington | Publisher of Military Images Magazine

AMAZING CIVIL WAR IMAGES HERE AT THE OHIO SHOW.—If you attended the Civil War show today in Mansfield, Ohio, you know how many great images have surfaced! Here’s one of them—the color guard of the 30th Ohio Infantry.

————————
SUPPORT THE MISSION OF MILITARY IMAGES. Ready to go beyond the complimentary posts you enjoy here? Consider a subscription to Military Images, America’s only magazine solely dedicated to portrait photography, personal stories and material culture of the Civil War. Take advantage of MI’s special introductory offer for new subscribers only—$19.95 for an annual subscription of four quarterly issues, $5 off the regular price: http://militaryimagesmagazine.com/special-offer/
Act now and get a recent back issue as a thank you gift!
————————
Intrigued, but not ready to commit? Sign up for a free trial: http://militaryimagesmagazine.com/subscribe

Image may contain: 5 people, people sitting

Easter 1865

Guest blogpost: Ron Coddington | Publisher of Military Images Magazine

EASTER 1865.—Anderson Ruffin Abbott, a physician educated in Canada who was employed by the Union army as a contract surgeon with the honorary rank of captain, lived and worked in Washington during the latter part of the Civil War. He was in town the night President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. In 1901, his recollections were published in the Anglo-American magazine. An excerpt:

The days previous to the assassination of President Lincoln were devoted to festivities exceeding in brilliancy and grandeur anything the writer had before witnessed. Washington was brilliantly illuminated and decorated, and the enthusiasm of the people ran up to white heat of felicitation on the downfall of Richmond and the surrender of Lee’s army. All the resources of science and art were brought into requisition to give appropriate expression to the intense feeling of joy which thrilled the heart of the nation. People who thronged Pennsylvania avenue that memorable morning had no thought that a plot was brewing which would turn all that joy and splendor into sorrow’s darkest night.

I wended my way homeward in the evening feeling somewhat hungry, for I had participated so freely in the general enthusiasm that I had neglected to eat anything since morning. After supper, in company with a friend, I again set forth, this time to see a torchlight procession which was to take place in honor of Mr. Stanton, the Secretary of War. The light of the torches and the music of the bands told that the procession was approaching from the direction of the Capitol. As far as the eye could reach from the elevated position which we occupied, it appeared like a fiery serpent winding its sinuous course through the streets and avenues of the city. When it reached the Secretary’s residence the people sent up a shout that made the welkin ring. Mr. Stanton came out and addressed the crowd, calmly and earnestly congratulating them upon the speedy restoration of peace.

It was nine o’clock when he had finished speaking, after which my friend and I repaired to another friend’s house, intending to spend the remainder of the evening in a social way. We were about to begin singing, and a young lady had but struck the first chords on the piano when at that instant a fierce ringing of the door-bell arrested our attention. After opening the door and ascertaining the cause of the interruption, our host returned with slow, hesitating steps, and, with an expression on his countenance that I shall never forget, said in a tremulous voice: “I have sad news to tell you. President Lincoln was shot at Ford’s Theater to-night, and Secretary Seward’s throat has been cut, and both are dying.”

The effect of this announcement can be better imagined than described. “Oh, horrible!” exclaimed the ladies. “The Lord have mercy on us! ” was the pious ejaculation of the hostess.

As soon as we had recovered from the shock I proposed that we should go around to Secretary Seward’s, whose residence was but a short distance away, and learn the particulars of so tragic an event.

For the first time during my stay in Washington I was troubled with a feeling of uncertainty regarding my safety. I had been in the city on two other occasions when it had been greatly disturbed, but suffered no such apprehension at either of those times as I experienced on this occasion. To what extent does this infamous plot extend? Is Sumner safe? Is Chase alive? These were some of the thoughts that followed one another through my brain as we walked along. By this time it was half-past eleven o’clock. The night had become very dark, and Washington streets at that time were proverbially dark because of their width, they being but dimly lighted with gas, and the dark shadows of alleys, areas, and porches affording convenient lurking-places for garroters, murderers, assassins, and thieves.

As we passed Secretary Stanton’s house, we observed a cavalryman’s horse at the door.. We supposed it belonged to the courier who had been sent to warn the Secretary of his danger. Lights appeared in houses where all was darkness before, and as the inmates received the startling intelligence the illumination became more general.

In the neighborhood of Secretary Seward’s house we found an excited crowd of citizens and soldiers. By this time the sad news had been very widely circulated. Senators, Congressmen, clerks in the departments, citizens, soldiers, all rushed by in the frenzy of excitement. The soldiers seemed to be arresting every one who looked or acted at all suspicious. An unfortunate man had been found in Lafayette Park, opposite the Secretary’s house. As the gates are locked at 9 P. M., the fact of his being in the park at so late an hour was regarded with suspicion. It required the strenuous efforts of the soldiers to prevent the crowd from lynching him. Two men who had been dragged from their beds in adjoining houses, clothed in their robes de chambre, were pleading for their freedom and lives.

We thought it prudent to keep at a safe distance from the mob. The writer was left in charge of the ladies, while his companion went forward to obtain further information. The latter soon returned with news which too painfully confirmed all that we had previously learned.

Everything seemed tranquil in the Secretary’s house. In only one room could a light be seen, and only at long intervals did any one pass in or out of the house. A deep gloom hung over it, and the ominous silence within indicated that something serious was transpiring.

The crowd had grown much larger while we waited, and fearing that our egress would be entirely blocked we thought it prudent to retire. After escorting the ladies to their homes we returned to our respective places of abode and were soon asleep. But the writer’s experience of the tragedy had not ended. About two o’clock in the morning a messenger came to the door with a request from Mrs. Lincoln that Mrs. Elizabeth Keckley, who usually dressed Mrs. Lincoln for her receptions, should come to her. I volunteered to accompany Mrs. Keckley, but it was with much difficulty that we reached the White House, owing to the crowd that thronged the streets. A further barrier to our progress we found in a cordon of troops that were drawn up in front of the White House, and so strict were the orders excluding every one that we found great difficulty in even getting some one to take in Mrs. Keckley’s card.

However, after some persistence we succeeded, only to find that Mrs. Lincoln was with the President at No. 453 Tenth street. We had, therefore, to make our way to that point. A cordon of military was drawn up there also, but a card to Mrs. Lincoln furnished an open sesame for us. It was a three-story brick house opposite the theater, in one room of which was the dying President, while his companion was lying in an adjoining room prostrate with anguish.

Then I returned to my lodgings, thoroughly exhausted, and not long after had again succumbed to nature’s sweet restorer. In fact, I was not conscious of anything until aroused by the first stroke of the bell, at twenty minutes past seven next morning, which announced the painful intelligence that our beloved President was no more.

A widespread apprehension existed next morning that the water in the city reservoir had been poisoned, so that the use of tea and coffee had to be abandoned. The report, however, proved to be false, but it was an indication of the feeling of anxiety which prevailed.

The city rapidly assumed a funereal aspect, in striking contrast to the gay and festive appearance presented the days previous to the assassination. The draping of the public buildings, business houses, and residences was quite general. As the writer rode around the outskirts of the city, he noticed that even the cabins of the freedmen bore some emblem of mourning, even if, as in one case, it was nothing more appropriate than a black skirt hung over the door.

There was an ill-disguised expression of anxiety on the face of every one as to the extent of the conspiracy. The lives of Cabinet ministers and other prominent government officials were not considered safe, and special detectives were detailed to accompany them wherever they went.

At that time I was shown a cardboard box containing the index finger of a negro and a pen-picture of a coffin surmounted by a drawing of a skull and crossbones, with the word “beware” inscribed upon it, that had been sent to Senator Sumner. A colored man armed with a loaded revolver slept at the door of the Senator’s sleeping-chamber for several weeks.

The surroundings of the White House were somber in the extreme. The heavy mourning drapery, the deep gloom of the interior, the hushed voices and muffled footsteps, all gave painful evidence of the presence of the remains of the illustrious dead. As the writer looked upon the pale, cold face of the President as he lay in state in the guests’ room, a great sorrow weighed heavily upon his heart, for he thought of the loss to the negro race in their nascent life of freedom, of the great guiding hand that now lay paralyzed in death.

It would be ungracious to pursue this description into the circle of the afflicted family. Suffice it to say that the anguish of the widow in the privacy of her apartments, surrounded by her children, and with Mrs. Keckley as her sole companion, was pitiable in the extreme. It was so intense I think Mrs. Lincoln’s mind never recovered its equilibrium after the shock of that awful tragedy at Ford’s Theater.

The remaining weeks that Mrs. Lincoln spent in the White House, after the removal of the President’s body to Springfield, 111., were spent in disposing of her late husband’s personal effects. Several articles which he valued very much, and which were much used by him, were given away as mementos to his friends. The writer received the plaid shawl which Mr. Lincoln was frequently seen wearing of a chilly evening when going to the War Department to consult Mr. Stanton on important state business. This shawl has been preserved in my family for the past thirty-six years, and is regarded as a most precious heirloom.

Image source: Toronto Public Library

————————
Ready to go beyond the complimentary posts you enjoy here? Consider a subscription to Military Images, America’s only magazine solely dedicated to portrait photography, personal stories and material culture of the Civil War. Take advantage of MI’s special introductory offer for new subscribers only—$19.95 for an annual subscription of four quarterly issues, $5 off the regular price: http://militaryimagesmagazine.com/special-offer/
Act now and get a recent back issue as a thank you gift!
————————
Intrigued, but not ready to commit? Sign up for a free trial: http://militaryimagesmagazine.com/subscribe

Image may contain: 1 person

Rare Harriet Tubman photo acquired by Library of Congress and NMAAH

Guest blogpost: Ron Coddington | Publisher of Military Images Magazine

Image may contain: 1 person, standing and child

BREAKING NEWS: RARE HARRIET TUBMAN PHOTO ACQUIRED BY LOC AND NMAAH.—The Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and Culture and the Library of Congress today announced the joint acquisition of an album of 44 rare photographs, including a previously unrecorded portrait of abolitionist and Underground Railroad conductor Harriet Tubman and the only known photograph of John Willis Menard, the first African American man elected to the U.S. Congress.

The collaboration ensures these pieces of American history will be accessible to the public in perpetuity.

“It is a distinct honor to have these photographs that tell an important part of America’s history,” said Lonnie Bunch, founding director of the National Museum of African American History and Culture. “We are pleased and humbled to work with the Library of Congress to ensure that this rare and significant collection will be preserved and made accessible to the American public.”

“To have a new glimpse of such key figures in American history is rare indeed,” said Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden. “Through this extraordinary collaboration, these images will be forever part of our shared heritage and will be a source of inspiration for many generations to come.”

The images are part of the photo album of Emily Howland (1827–1929), a Quaker school teacher who taught at Camp Todd, the Freedman’s School in Arlington, Va. The album contains 44 images taken circa 1860s, including the Tubman and Menard images, as well as a print of a more commonly known Tubman portrait taken later in life, and images of Charles Sumner, Lydia Maria Child, Samuel Ely, William Ellery Channing, Colonel C.W. Folsom and Charles Dickens.

About the National Museum of African American History and Culture
The National Museum of African American History and Culture opened Sept. 24 on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Occupying a prominent location next to the Washington Monument, the nearly 400,000-square-foot museum is the nation’s largest and most comprehensive cultural destination devoted exclusively to exploring, documenting and showcasing the African American story and its impact on American and world history. For more information about the museum, visit nmaahc.si.edu or call Smithsonian information at (202) 633-1000.

About the Library of Congress
The Library of Congress is the world’s largest library, offering access to the creative record of the United States—and extensive materials from around the world—both on site and online. It is the main research arm of the U.S. Congress and the home of the U.S. Copyright Office. Explore collections, reference services and other programs and plan a visit at loc.gov, access the official site for U.S. federal legislative information at congress.gov and register creative works of authorship at copyright.gov.

————————
Ready to go beyond the free posts you enjoy here? Consider a subscription to Military Images, America’s only magazine solely dedicated to portrait photography, personal stories and material culture of the Civil War. Take advantage of MI’s special introductory offer for new subscribers only—$19.95 for an annual subscription of four quarterly issues, $5 off the regular price: http://militaryimagesmagazine.com/special-offer/
Act now and get a recent back issue as a thank you gift!
————————
Intrigued, but not ready to commit? Sign up for a free trial: http://militaryimagesmagazine.com/subscribe

Image may contain: 1 person